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During the efforts of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, friction sealing material industry gets huge progress. The step of the internationalization further accelerates, the achievements of new technology research、new product development、new material application、new instrument updating and new process creation are brilliant. The total scale and economic benefit outstandingly increases in this industry, the gross output value of friction sealing material industry adds from 5.67 billions Yuan of Eleventh Five-Year Plan early days up to almost 10 billions Yuan, product export delivery value has doubled.
 
The Twelfth Five-Year Plan period is still the important development opportunity period, this situation also suits friction sealing material industry. In order to guide the industry to march on the healthy、stable and continuous development direction, it’s necessary to establish Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan Outline.
 
Guiding Principle: deeply practicing scientific development perspective; totally commit the new development requirements of Party’s Seventeenth Congress and Fifth Plenary Session of 17th Central Committee; insisting on pushing forward the advance of science and technology; enhancing self-dependent ability; speeding up the industry transformation and updating; trying hard to transform the development ways; constantly promoting overall level.
 
Development Goals: in the end of Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan, the industry’s overall power outstandingly increases; the standard system further completes; a branch of enterprises that have large scale、strong power and proprietary intellectual property rights occupy the important market position and have the strong international competitive power; the level of domestic friction sealing material production and testing equipments outstandingly increase; credit system basically establishes; the industry realizes the stable、continuous and healthy development condition.
 
Chapter Two Friction Material

1. Abroad General Situation

 
1.1 The industry structure is reasonable, the capacity concentration ratio is high, the trans-national and trans-regional management further develops, the product manufacturing is transformed into the developing countries and regions that have the cheap labor force, especially into China market. Most main machine assorting concentrates on few components groups.
 
1.2 The large scale of non-asbestos and low-metal environment friendly friction material (NAO friction material) pushes forward the market; the costumers more and more focus on the braking noise, the braking noise has become one key factor of distinguishing vehicle brake performance, many friction material factories and braking system manufacture enterprises begin to unite to research and develop low-noise braking system, and get some breakthrough on the engineering and technology; by adjusting the product decrement in order to lower the noise is the important means of many friction material factories’ quality control.
 
1.3 Some countries have legislated aiming at limiting the harmful heavy-metal component and the copper content in the friction material in Europe and America. In the predictable future, the content of heavy-metal component in the friction material will be the barrier of exporting to Europe and America.
 
1.4 The control and accuracy of the production equipment automation is high, part process realizes the serialization production; the production efficiency is very high; original material manufacturers have the large scale, their products have the stable quality, they can take the fine finishing and new development according to the costumers’ needs.
 
1.5 Large-scale friction material enterprises own abundant scientific research strength and the advanced research &testing equipments, the funding amount of scientific research development takes up to 3%-5% of the sales, some of them are even higher. They deeply research the appearance, micro-structure and performance of the friction material, in the meanwhile highly pay attention to the overall matching research about the friction material、dual parts and the braking system.
 
1.6 They regard the product quality standard and test method standard as the daily work, also continuously research. The international colleagues in this industry effectively coordinate and unify the various test methods in Europe and America, the standard globalization is gradually mature.

2. Domestic General Situation

2.1 Basic Situation
 
   At present, there are more than 470 friction material manufacturing enterprises in our country, the friction material used for automobiles takes up to 80% of the gross. With the rapid development of our country’s national economy, automobiles、motorcycles、machinery、railways、petroleum、chemical industry、ships、aviation、mine、metallurgy and many other industries put forward the higher demands towards the friction material industry. The railway transport continuously increases the speed; urban railway system abundantly develops; the output and inventory of the automobiles rapidly increase; the society is more and more stricter with the environment demands, these conditions powerfully push the development of the friction material industry.
 
2.2 Progress of the industry
 
   With the rapid development of our country’s national economy, since these years the automobile industry rapidly increases, the abroad market demands abundantly increase, the friction material industry also gets the rapid development, overall production technology level has the large promotion, part leading enterprises have reached the international advanced level.
 
   Within the last five years, annual average increment speed of industry’s production value and output exceeds 20%. Raw material、production equipment、test equipment、formula system、new production process、standard system have new progress. The large-scale enterprises generally set up the quality control system, and passed ISO9000 or ISO16949 certification.
 
   The friction material with environmental protection、low metal、low adhesive and the raw material that adopts the second adhesive and porosity structure becomes the characteristic of new generation products, the performance is highly promoted, under the extreme working condition the material still has the stable friction performance, the driving comfortableness is good, the braking noise is low, wear-resisting performance is excellent, the braking antithesis wear is low.
 
2.3 Issues & gap
 
2.3.1 The low level redundant construction is severe, the industrial pattern is not reasonable. The amount of small-scale enterprises is high.
 
2.3.2 The domestic enterprises don’t fully understand the standard of the abroad main engine plants’ product, we can’t successfully enter into the international assembly market because we lack of competition; the ability of product synchronization development is weak; the industry equipment level is low; the product quality level is not stable; the enterprise management level is not high.
 
2.3.3 The product independent research ability is weak, the input for scientific research is low, the creative ability is not strong. Almost factories focus on the expansion of the production capacity, the input for new product research and the technology talents’ education is not enough, the high level research means and development ability are deficient. The level of formula and production is low; the research means is backward; the level of domestic raw material industry fell behind; the production equipment development ability is not enough; the production quality is not stable.
 
2.3.4 The cost issue in the friction material industry is on the rise, the price of raw material continuously rises, man power cost has the fast ascensional range, besides the labor force is deficient. The shrinkage of enterprise profit space restricts the input of technology transformation.
 
2.3.5 The standard system and the relevant research is backward, the current national standard is not complete, it’s hard to overall reflect the products’ main performance, and to joint with the international standard.
 
2.3.6 The management order needs to be improved. Protecting intellectual property and avoiding the price fighting is necessary.
 
3. The Goal of Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan
 
3.1 Output and Production Value
 
During Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan, annual average growth rate of friction material product output realizes 15%, at the end of Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan, the total output of friction material reaches 700000 tons, total value of output reaches 20 billion Yuan. Export delivery value is 6 billion Yuan.
 
3.2 The important raw material production realizes the scale, they can develop the raw material that satisfies the technology demands and has the stable quality according to the demands of friction material manufacturing enterprises
 
3.3 The key production equipment automaticity and the task performance can generally promote, the technology level of test equipment further improves to satisfy the need of open up the main matching product in the international market.
 
3.4 Build 3-4 technology center that nation maintains enterprises and 3-4 post-doctor work stations, build 2-3 province level engineering centers. Build the national key laboratories of the friction material industry.
 
3.5 Technology Trend
 
3.5.1 Enhance the comprehensive performance of the brake products’ ensure the products’ stable friction performance in the extreme working conditions, the driving comfortableness is perfect, the brake noise is low, the wear of brake antithesis is low. Overall satisfy the various demands of the main assembly and after-sale market.
 
3.5.2 Improve the management level of the enterprises, improve the equipments, perfect the environmental protection level of the production environment. Reduce the application of low melting point and harmful heavy metal component in the friction material, enhance the domestic friction material competitiveness in the international market.
 
3.5.3 Originate the brand of non-asbestos、low metal、high performance and having the proprietary intellectual property rights, and will become the leading products of the friction material industry in the end of the twelfth-year plan.
 
3.5.4 Adapt to the demands of trains peed acceleration, speed up the high performance brake pads’ research used in train, will realize the localization of the brake material used in the rapid trains, meanwhile enhance to open up the export market of trains brake material.
 
3.5.5 Speed up the friction material used in car speed changing box (AT box、DCT box、CVT box), establish the foundation of realizing localization.

4. Measures and Suggestions

The friction material is the key part and safety part of the transportation vehicles and all kinds of machines. The friction material industry enters into the development opportunity period of the friction material with the continuous and rapid growth of national economy besides the higher international economy status, in order to realize the goal of friction material twelfth-year development plan, we should take measures as below:
 
(1)   Strive for the support the friction material from the national policy, apply to the government for the import duty free and financial subsidies of introducing the foreign advanced production and test equipments.
 
(2)   Advice the government departments to strictly manage the issuance and management systems of production license, strengthen the management examine of applying production license, reexamine the enterprises that have taken the license, completely stop the production and management without the lenience
 
(3)   Improve the admittance level of the industry, restrict the low level redundant construction from the macro policy
 
(4)   Insist on pushing the technology progress, opening up the international exchange, extending the cooperation with the domestic and abroad industrial organizations. Furthest supply the service of technology & market supply and demand information.
 
(5)   The enterprises cooperate with the colleges and R&D institution, enhance the foster to the professionals, satisfy the urgent demands to the professionals in this industry, establish the foundation of fostering many reserve professionals. Invite the domestic and abroad professors to take the lectures, hold various seminars、the short-term training class and the middle-term、long-term training class every year, handle the foster and training of the technology professionals
 
(6)   Further perfect the national key laboratories of the friction material industry, enhance the joint of production、study and research, play a role in the professional commission, joint to open up the technology breakthrough activities, speed up to accelerate from the research fruits to the productivity
 
(7)   Further perfect the national test center of the friction material industry, establish the mutual identity relationship with the international authority test organizations, enhance the reputation of national test center, offer the service to open up the international market of the enterprise
 
(8)   Further perfect standard system, speed up the step of establishing and revising the national and industrial standards acting on the international convention, lead the overall level promotion of friction material industry
 
(9)   Encourage to lead a branch of manufacturing enterprises that produce important and quality stable raw material used in friction, continuously find and research the application of the new material in the friction products.
 
(10) Enhance the technology updating and research of production and test equipments, develop the key production and test equipments that have low energy consumption、high efficiency、high accuracy、stable performance and easy operation, almost replace the export
 
(11) Reference the domestic and abroad advanced management experience, combine the enterprise reality to formulate the quality management system in the enterprises, enhance the product quality control, and continuously improve
 
(12) Attack the impersonation and infringement act, maintain the lawful rights and interests of the enterprises, promote the industrial competitive to develop to the direction of ordered and healthy
 
(13) Open up the industrial integrity construction work, work hard for building the industrial integrity system during the twelfth-year plan and play an important role
 
Chapter 3 Sealing Material

1.    The function and Status of Sealing Material

1.1  Application
 
In the industry of chemical industry、petroleum、electric power、machinery、automobiles、motorcycles、farming equipments、small-size machine、metallurgy、medicine and food, in order to assure the safe、reliable and clear operation of the process devices even the entire production line besides the need of economy and environmental protection ,the sealing material plays the key guarantee role.
 
1.2  Classification
 
The sealing material divides into static sealing material and motive sealing material. The static sealing material mainly has gasket sealing、direct touch sealing and glue sealing
 
1.3  The service scope of the association
 
The sealing material that the service scope of China Friction Sealing Material Association involves is mainly composite material product of fiber reinforcement, or the product that is knitted by the fiber and the yam, such as various fiber composite rubber plates、latex panel beater sheet、gasket and packing

2. The domestic general condition

The domestic sealing material market capacity is nearly 5 billion Dollar/Year, the annual growth rate is 5%. The advanced countries one by one restricted the application of asbestos sealing material since 1980, at present, Europe、Nor America、Japan and Korea have forbidden the production of asbestos material. Therefore the manufacturers all transform the research and production of substitute asbestos sealing material

In the gasket field, the gasket base on metal material、non-metal material、high polymer material and composite material completely replace the asbestos material. Besides, because of the implement of environment protection laws, more and more European and American countries demand that the import product component must pass the injunction of restricting to use poisonous chemicals such as REACH, RoHS, PAHS, DMF. The trend that the advanced countries transfer the environmental harm production to the advancing countries is obvious, the products develop to the direction of high parameter and high reliability
 
In the field of packing and molding padding, the high performance fiber、filler and lubricant have replaced the traditional asbestos fiber and animal fat, and created the product line in the parameter of rub resistance、low loss、thermostability、high pressure resistance and corrosion resistance. Because the filler sealing will consume some power, par market share gradually gives place to the non-touch sealing. However the filler sealing plays an important role in ping=pong axle、valve、the shaft seal with particle medium、major diameter motion and the sealing of static equipment 

3. The domestic industrial general condition

3.1  Basic information and capacity scale
 
The survey shows that the large-scale enterprises that produce sealing base plate、gasket and packing are 100 by 2010, most of all are privately-owned limited liability companies, few of them are Chinese-foreign joint venture and foreign-owned enterprises. Industrial annual total output is 70000 tons, total industrial output value is 1.7 billion Yuan, the export value is 0.5 billion Yuan.
 
3.2  Product Structure
 
3.2.1
 
At present, the manufacturing process of our country’s sealing base plate products divide into roll-in and panel beater. The survey shows that the products with roll-in take up to 80% of the gross, the products with panel beater take up to 80% of the gross, non-asbestos products that adapt to main engine mating and the international market demands take up to 30% of the gross
 
3.2.2
 
The flexible graphite base plates depending on our excellent graphite resource have develop from the primary phase to the mature phase, various composite graphite base plates come out one after another, the technology and product level have reached the international advanced level, this new material show the great market energy
 
3.2.3
 
In the packing (soft braided filler) products, the output and sales volume of the asbestos packing are gradually falling down, rubber asbestos packing nearly exit market, the market share of oil immersion asbestos packing reduce to 30%. The output and sales volume of the new composite asbestos packing that have the high performance rise to 50%
 
3.3 Technology Level
 
The production process of gasket sealing material didn’t have the great breakthrough, the process of roll-in gasket and panel beater gasket almost keep the traditional technology model, the technology of non-asbestos roll0in gasket haven’t popularize yet, he technology of panel beater haven’t reached the international advanced level yet. The packing production technology in the equipments and process has the large advance
 
3.4 Equipment Level
 
The production equipments of gasket sealing material fall behind, the distribution system of the raw material、mixing material equipments、automation technology、process observe& control means have the big gap with the international advanced equipments. The enterprises that research and adopt the large fourdrinier wire equipments to continuously produce coiled material have begun the seed. Although we need more efforts in the technology, this is definitely a huge advance from the point of catching up with the world level
 
3.5 Standard System
 
The standard and test means of foreign sealing material products have been mature and complete. However the domestic condition is not complete, although we recently formulated and revised many standards, we still have the gap distanced the reality
 
3.6 The extension of the international market
 
The sealing material industry belongs to the small-large industry, during the eleventh-year plan although we have the high acceleration time, low economy base number can’t explain more problems. At present, the important issues of restricting the international market extension are the low input for the technology research and product development, the basic research can’t catch up with the need of the reality application, most enterprises haven’t built the complete research conditions
 
4. The development goals of the twelfth-year plan
 
4.1 In the end of the twelfth-year plan, the total output of sealing material reaches 100000 tons, the total output value reaches 3 billion Yuan, the export delivery value reaches 1 billion Yuan
 
4.2 The product development direction
 
We response the appealing of energy conservation and low carbon economy, research、develop、spread and apply the sealing material and production process of energy conservation、low carbon and non-increasing environmental pollution
 
We research and develop the coriaceous physical performance in the environment of high temperature、high pressure and high corrosion and the durable sealing material, research and develop sealing material that can damping、low the noise and insulation, research and develop the high performance braided filler with low friction wear and low loss, in order to satisfy the harsh working condition and high parameter demands in the market
 
Speed up the development of new material that replaces asbestos fiber, strengthen the research of the non-asbestos sealing material production process and equipment technology and the structure of sealing parts, realize the non-asbestos rate up to 60% in the end of the twelfth-year plan
 
4.3 Standardization Work
 
Build the complete sealing material standard system. Prior formulate the non-asbestos base plates sealing material product standard and the corresponding test means standard
 
4.4 Equipment development
 
Research and develop the new machine, realize adopting the modern technology means during the production process, survey and control product thickness and homogeneity degree. Solve and control the working temperature of roller face、the roller speed ratio、the interval between the two rollers、pressure& material input、panel monolayer thickness and other equipment structure and technology operation technology issues. Research and develop mew mixing material machine, solve the problems of fiber opening and mixing material balance
 
4.5 Complete the test means of national test organization, improve the monitoring level of industrial product quality
 
4.6 Create 1-2 technology center that nation maintains enterprises and 2-3 post-doctor work stations, build 1-2 province level engineering centers.

4.7 Enhance the power of protecting intellectual property, preserve the laefu rights of the law-abiding operators, create the great management environment

5. Measures and Advices

Sealing material is the important safety parts in the process equipment, is the important circle of energy conservation、emission reduction and environment implement, because of the important status in the national economy construction, sealing material industry will meet the perfect development opportunity, in order to realize the twelfth-year plan in the sealing material, we should take measures as bellow:
 
(1)Strive for the support the sealing material from the national policy, apply to the government for the import duty free and financial subsidies of introducing the foreign advanced production and test equipments.
 
(2)Advice the government departments to strictly manage the issuance and management systems of production licence, strengthen the management examine of applying production licence, reexamine the enterprises that have taken the licience, completely stop the production and management without the licience
 
(3)Improve the admittance level of the industry, restrict the low level redundant construction from the macro policy
 
(4)Insist on pushing the technology progress, opening up the international exchange, extending the cooperation with the domestic and abroad industrial organizations. Further supply the service of technology & market supply and demand information.
 
(5)The enterprises cooperate with the colleges and R&D institution, enhance the foster to the professionals, satisfy the urgent demands to the professionals in this industry, establish the foundation of fostering many reserve professionals. Invite the domestic and abroad professors to take the lectures, hold various seminars、the short-term training class and the middle-term、long-term training class every year, handle the foster and training of the technology professionals
 
(6)Further perfect the national key laboratories of the sealing material industry, enhance the joint of production、study and research, play a role in the professional commission, joint to open up the technology breakthrough activities, speed up to accelerate from the research fruits to the productivity
 
(7)Further perfect the national test center of the sealing material industry, establish the mutual identity relationship with the international authority test organizations, enhance the reputation of national test center, offer the service to open up the international market of the enterprise
 
(8)Further perfect standard system, speed up the step of establishing and revising the national and industrial standards acting on the international convention, lead the overall level promotion of sealing material industry
 
(9)Encourage to lead a branch of manufacturing enterprises that produce important and quality stable raw material used in sealing material, solve the supply problems of non-asbestos inorganic fiber 、latex and other raw material, continuously find and research the application of the new material with strength、temperature tolerance and function adjustment used in the sealing products. Enhance the cooperation between raw material suppliers and sealing manufacturing enterprises, lead the knowledge to sealing material from raw material suppliers, promote raw material suppliers to positively open up the research& development activities, improve the service to the raw material suppliers
 
(10)Enhance the technology updating and research of production and test equipments, develop the key production and test equipments that have low energy consumption、high efficiency、high accuracy、stable performance and easy operation, almost replace the export
 
(11)Reference the domestic and abroad advanced management experience, improve the knowledge to the advanced enterprises’ management means from the industry by means of visiting、communication or training education. Combine the enterprise reality to formulate the quality management system in the enterprises, enhance the product quality control, and continuously improve to get economy benefit
 
(12)Attack the impersonation and infringement act, maintain the lawful rights and interests of the enterprises, promote the industrial competitive to develop to the direction of ordered and healthy
 
(13)Open up the industrial integrity construction work, work hard for building the industrial integrity system during the twelfth-year plan and play an important role.

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